Francis Owens

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Francis Owens
Born: abt 1816/1819  in Hammer, Flint, Wales
Died: Dead                           

Father:  Francis Owens
Mother:  Margaret  unk

Married: 08 Oct 1845 in Chester, Cheshire, England
to Eleanor (Ellen) Cole Born: Abt 1823 Dublin, Ireland
Died: aft 1881 She was the daughter of James Cole.

On the 1845 marriage certificate, his residence is shown as Liverpool.  Ellen's residence is shown as 'St.Mary's Parish (in the City of Chester, Cheshire County).  Witnesses to the marriage are Elizabeth Gilbert and Simon Roche.  They were married in St. Mary's Parish Church in the City of Chester, Cheshire County, England, then moved to Liverpool.

In the 1851 Census - Francis and Ellen were living at 83 Vauxhall Road in Liverpool. They had the following children:

Margaret Owen
Born: 1847 in Liverpool, Lanc. England
Chris'd: 5 Dec 1847, St. Nicholas, Liverpool, Lanc. England

Robert Owen    
Born: 1849 in Liverpool, Lanc. England
Chris'd 5 Dec. 1849, St. Nicholas, Liverpool, Lanc. England

Thomas Owen 
Born:  10 Sept 1850  in  Liverpool, Lanc. England
Chris'd: 27 Oct 1851, St. Nicholas, Liverpool, Lanc. England
Died: abt 1930 in Manchester, Lanc. England.
Married: 07 Jan 1878 to Catherine Davies in St. George Parish, Hulme, Lanc. England

Mary Owen
Born: 1852
Chris'd: 23 Aug 1852, St. Nicholas, Liverpool, Lanc. England
Married: unk to Edward Matthews

Richard Owen
Born: 1854 in Liverpool, Lanc, England
Chris'd 16 May 1854, St. Nicholas, Liverpool, Lanc. England

Eleanor (Nell) Owen
Born: 1855 
Chris'd: 13 Mar 1855, St. Nicholas, Liverpool, Lanc. England

Francis (Frank) Owen
Born:   abt 1857
Married: Elizabeth Barnes

George Owen 
Born:  abt 1857

John (Jack) Owen
Born: abt 1863

Note: in the 1881 Census: it lists the Owen family as Owens (but it is still the 'right' family.
1881 Census:  Francis Owen (age 65 is living with his son Francis (Frank) Owen - age 24 and his wife Elizabeth and daughter Emily.  The elder Francis' birthplace is shown as Hanmere, Shropshire, England.

[Editor's Note: Hanmer is near Oswestery, Wrexham and llangollen, and is actually in the country of Flintshire, Wales.  However, it is only a few miles from Shropshire, thus a common error to list it in England and not in Wales.]

The 1881 census address is 70 Richmond Road in Liverpool. Also in the household is John Owen (age 18) son of (the elder) Francis.
Living next door at 72 Richmond Road is Eleanor Owen (age 56), wife of the elder Francis.  Also living with her are two of their adult children.  Margaret (age 33) and George (age 24). Eleanor's birthplace is shown as Ireland.

Saddlers started their apprenticeship (formal indentured training) at the age of about 14.  they were tied to a Master Saddler and usually lived in his house on pitifully small wages for 7 years.  they then usually became a journeyman (which just meant that they were paid the correct daily rate for a trained saddler).  Jour in journeyman is the French word  jour (day)  this gave them enough money to save and get married.  It was illegal to get married whilst still an apprentice, though it did happen occasionally.

Usually they then became a Master Saddler and joined the Guild of Master Saddlers.  At this point, their wages became too expensive usually so they had to set up their own business.  If their Master was old, they might buy him out and continue his trade.  But usually they bought into a business many miles away.

In a country area like Hanmer, they would have concentrated on ordinary saddles for country people and harnesses for working horses, which would have been many in an agricultural area.  there would be the occasional expensive fancy saddle (perhaps side saddle) for the wealthy ladies and gentlemen.  In towns, there was much more specialization.  Some were curriers who just made fancy and fashionable leather accessories

Hamner present day (2003) is a small village, one general shop/post office, one Butchers shop, a primary school (up to age 11) a pub, called the Hanmer Arms, and a picturesque Lake.  the original name of the village was Handmere.  The Welsh word for lake is 'mere' and the lake is in the shape of a hand, thus the name of the village, Hanmer..

 

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